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Turquie - Les racines du présent - Le blog d'Etienne Copeaux


Nouvelle vague d'arrestations - Vive le "modèle turc"!

Publié par Etienne Copeaux sur 30 Octobre 2011, 09:20am

Catégories : #Répression - Justice

Version:1.0 StartHTML:0000000180 EndHTML:0000051008 StartFragment:0000004814 EndFragment:0000050972 SourceURL:file:///Users/etienne/Desktop/Arrestation%20Zarakolu%20angl.doc

 

Important !!!

L’éditeur Ragıp Zarakolu a été arrêté le 28 octobre !

Notre collègue Büsra Ersanlı également en prison !



imagesbusra-ersanli

 

Communiqué  de « Kuryerel – Küresel Düsünce Platformu »

Date: Sat, 29 Oct 2011 18:04:23 +0200

L’éditeur et défenseur des droits de l’homme Ragıp Zarakolu est arrêté

 

Dans le cadre de l’affaire du KCK (Kurdistan Communities Union), la police turque a arrêté Ragıp Zarakolu, directeur des éditions Belge et militant bien connu des droits de l’homme. Zarakolu préside également le collectif  d’éditeurs Liberté pour la publicationen Turquie.

Zarakolu a été incarcéré le 28 octobre 2011, au cours d’une grande rafle à Istanbul visant les militants kurdes.

Son fils, Deniz Zarakolu, éditeur aux éditions Belge, avait déjà été arrêté le 4 octobre dernier.

Les éditions Belge que dirige Ragıp Zarakolu ont publié de nombreux ouvrages sur l’oppression des minorités nationales en Turquie et sur le génocide des Arméniens.

Le même jour, au cours de la même rafle, le Professeur Büsra Ersanlı , une spécialiste du droit constitutionnel et membre de la commission constitutionnelle du parti pro-kurde BDP [Baris ve Demokrasi Partisi - Parti de la paix et de la démocratie], a été arrêtée en même temps que des dizaines d’autres personnes [Büsra Ersanlı, professeure à l'Université de Maramara à Istanbul, s'est également distinguée par ses travaux sur l'élaboration de "l'histoire officielle" en Turquie à l'époque d'Atatürk, sous le titre Le pouvoir et l'histoire - E.C.].

Les unités « contre-terroristes »  ont mené plusieurs opérations simultanées contre des personnes suspectées d’appartenir au KCK. Vendredi matin, 41 personnes ont été arrêtées. La police a investi plusieurs bureaux du BDP à Istanbul,   dont « L’Académie politique » du BDP, et plusieurs sections du même parti.

Büsra Ersanlı qui a participé à la préparation d’une constitution alternative par le BDP est parmi les personnes arrêtées. Selon certaines sources, les opérations de police n’étant pas terminées, le nombre des arrestations pourrait être plus élevé encore.

Dès vendredi, Selahattin Demirtas, vice-président du BDP, a sévèrement critiqué cette nouvelle vague d’arrestations. « Si on avance de cette manière, on ne pourra pas parler d’un processus sain d’élaboration de la constitution. Nous n’aurons plus de membre du parti pour participer  à l’effort d’élaboration de la nouvelle constitution » a-t-il déclaré.

Selon le site Bianet, voici la liste des personnes arrêtées : Büşra Ersanlı, membre de l'Assemblée du BDP (Parti de la paix et de la démocratie) ; Mustafa Avcı, membre du comité central du BDP ; Ragıp Zarakolu, éditeur ; Kemal Seven, conférencier à l'Académie politique du BDP ; Songül Karatagna, du journal Özgür Gündem ; Evrim Öztürk, vice président de la section de Yalova du BDP Erdoğan Baysalİhsan Çelik, Ali EdebaliHüsnü Taş, Medeni DemirkapıMustafa İpek, Muhsin YeşilasZeki Elmas, Kemal BilkenBurhanettin Toprak, Zekiye AyıkBeril Botan Kahraman, Recep KaragülNizamettin Güneş, Nizamettin Açıkça,Cüneyt Özil, İrfan ZilakiSuna Varsak, Kemalettin GürfeyilSevim Er, Senar ŞahinUğur Taşdemir, Ayşe GünayBüşra Beste Önder, Derya Aslan, Derya Güregen, Erdal ÖzmaskanMustafa Polat, Mehmet Mesut TanrıkuluHasan Özgüneş, Mülazim Özcan,Abdullah Tayboğa, Ahmet YılmazEvrim Öztürk, Cevdet İnceYasin Yakın, Birgül Arbaş,Ömer Gölge et Nizamettin Özmen.

Ragıp Zarakolu est né en 1948 à Büyükada, près d’Istanbul, alors que son père Remzi était sous-préfet de l’île. Ragıp a grandi parmi les membres des communautés grecque et arménienne de Turquie. En 1968, il a commencé d’écrire pour les revues Ant (Le Serment) et Yeni Ufuklar (Nouveaux Horizons).

En 1971, lors de la prise de pouvoir par une junte militaire, Ragıp Zarakolu a été poursuivi pour « relations clandestines  avec Amnesty International ».  Il a passé cinq mois en prison, puis les charges ont été levées. En 1972, il a été condamné à nouveau à deux ans de prison, qu’il a accomplies au centre de détention de Selimiye (Istanbul) pour un article dans Ant sur Ho Chi Minh et la guerre du Vietnam. Il a été libéré en 1974 à la faveur d’une amnistie générale. Mais Zarakolu n’en a pas pour autant renoncé à sa campagne pour la liberté de pensée, luttant pour « la diffusion d’une attitude de respect envers la diversité des pensées et des cultures de Turquie ».

Les éditions Belge ont été la cible de la censure turque depuis leur création en 1977 par Zarakolu et sa femme Aysenur. Les charges ont valu au couple des peines d’emprisonnement, la confiscation et la destruction des stocks de livres, et de lourdes amendes.

En 1979, Ragıp Zarakolu a été l’un des fondateurs du quotidien Demokrat  et en a pris la responsabilité de la section « étranger ».  Demokrat  a été interdit à la suite du coup d’État militaire du 12 septembre 1980 ; Ragıp Zarakolu a été brièvement emprisonné en 1982, en raison de sa position dans Demokrat, puis expulsé du pays jusqu’en 1991. En 1986 il a été parmi les 98 fondateurs de la section turque de la Ligue des droits de l’homme. (IHD). Il a été président du comité pour les écrivains emprisonnés du PEN-Club International en Turquie. Depuis 2007, il est président du Comité pour la liberté de publier de l’Union des éditeurs.

Jusqu’au coup du 12 septembre 1980, les éditons Belge avaient surtout publié des livres académiques et théoriques. Puis, Belge a commencé de publier  une série de 35 livres écrits par des prisonniers politiques : recueils de poèmes, nouvelles, romans. La liste des publications de Belge inclut aussi plus de dix traductions de la littérature grecque, une dizaine sur la question arménienne et cinq livres concernant les Juifs en Turquie. De nombreux ouvrages concernent également la question kurde en Turquie.

Parmi les livres concernant le génocide arménien, figure celui de George Jerjian, La Vérité nous délivrera : Arméniens et Turcs réconciliés ; et celui de Dora Sakayan, Un Médecin arménien en Turquie, Garabed Haztcherian qui a valu de nouvelles accusations en 2005. En novembre 2007 Zarakolu a publié le livre de David Gaunt Massacres, Resistance, Protectors sur le génocide des Assyriens.

En 1995 le siège des éditions Belge a subi un attentat à la bombe, perpétré par  un groupe d’extrême droite. Depuis le décès de sa femme en 2002, les poursuites judiciaires ont continué contre Ragıp Zarakolu .

 

Publisher and Human Rights Defender Ragip Zarakolu Arrested

 

Within the framework of the KCK (Kurdistan Communities Union) affair, the Turkish police detained Ragip Zarakolu, a well-known human rights activist and director of Belge Publishing House, in Turkey. Zarakolu is also the chairman of the Publishers Association Freedom to Publish Committee of Turkey.

Zarakolu was taken into custody on October 28, 2011, during a large-scale manhunt in Istanbul against Kurdish activists.

His son, Deniz Zarakolu, editor of the Belge Publishing House, was arrested on October 4.

Ragip Zarakolu's Belge Publishing House has published numerous books as well on the oppression of the national minorities in Turkey as the Armenian Genocide.

Earlier on same day, within the same man-hunt, Professor Büsra Ersanlı, a constitutional law expert and a member of the pro-Kurdish Peace and Democracy Party's (BDP) intra-party constitutional commission, was detained along with dozens of others.

Counterterrorism units launched simultaneous operations against suspected KCK members early on Friday and detained 41 people. Police raided various BDP offices in Istanbul as well, including the BDP Istanbul Politics Academy and several BDP branches.

Ersanlı who has been taking part in the BDP's preparations for a draft constitution, is also among the detainees. Sources said the number of detainees may increase as the operation is still under way.

BDP Co-chairman Selahattin Demirtas  strongly criticized the new wave of detentions on Friday. "We will not be able to talk about a healthy constitution-making process if we go ahead like this. We will have no party member who can join efforts for [drafting] a new constitution," Demirtas  said.

 

Who is Ragip Zarakolu?

Ragıp Zarakolu was born in 1948 on Büyükada close to Istanbul. At that time his father, Remzi Zarakolu, was the district governor on that island. Ragıp Zarakolu grew up with members of the Greek and Armenian minority in Turkey. In 1968 he began writing for "Ant" and "Yeni Ufuklar" magazines.

In 1971 a military junta assumed power in Turkey. Ragıp Zarakolu was tried on charges of secret relations to Amnesty International. He spent five months in prison, before the charges were dropped. In 1972 Ragıp Zarakolu was sentenced to 2 years' imprisonment for his article in the journal Ant (Pledge) on Ho Chi Minh and the Vietnam War. He stayed in Selimiye Prison (Istanbul) and was released in 1974 following a general amnesty.[2] On his release Zarakolu refused to abandon his campaign for freedom of thought, striving for an "attitude of respect for different thoughts and cultures to become widespread in Turkey".

The Belge Publishing House, established in Istanbul in 1977 by Zarakolu and his wife Aysenur, has been a focus for Turkish censorship laws ever since. Charges brought against the couple resulted in imprisonment for both Aysenur and Ragıp Zarakolu, the wholesale confiscation and destruction of books and the imposition of heavy fines.

In 1979 Ragıp Zarakolu was one of the founders of the daily newspaper Demokrat and took responsibility for the news desk on foreign affairs. The paper was banned with the military coup of 12 September 1980 and Ragıp Zarakolu was shortly imprisoned in 1982 in connection with this position in Demokrat. He was banned from leaving the country between 1971 and 1991.[2] In 1986 he became one of 98 founders of the Human Rights Association in Turkey (HRA or in Turkish IHD). For some time Ragıp Zarakolu chaired the Writers in Prison Committee of International PEN in Turkey. Currently (beginning of 2007) he chairs the Committee for Freedom of Publication in the Union of Publishers.

Until the military coup of 12 September 1980 Belge Publishing House mostly published academic and theoretical books. Afterwards Belge started to publish a series of books written by political prisoners. The series of 35 books consisted of poems, shorts stories, novels. The list of publications (see a list of selected publications below) include more than 10 books (translations) of Greek literature, 10 books on the Armenian Question and five books related to the Jews in Turkey. There are also a number of books dealing with the Kurds in Turkey.[2]

He also has published several books on the Armenian Genocide,[3] such as George Jerjian's The Truth Will Set Us Free: Armenians and Turks Reconciled and Professor Dora Sakayan's An Armenian Doctor in Turkey: Garabed Hatcherian: My Smyrna Ordeal of 1922 -- which brought new criminal charges in 2005.[4] In November 2007 Zarakolu published David Gaunt's book "Massacres, resistance, protectors" about the Assyrian Genocide in Turkish ("Katliamlar, Direnis  Koruyucular").[5]

In 1995 the Belge Publishing House offices were firebombed by a far right group, forcing it to be housed in a cellar. Since his wife's death in 2002, Zarakolu continued to face further prosecutions.

Recent court cases against Ragıp Zarakolu and Belge Publishing House (until her death Aysenur Zarakolu stood trial instead of him) include[6]:

 

2002

On 21 March Istanbul State Security Court (SSC) No. 1 heard the case of Aysenur Zarakolu on charges of having disseminated separatist propaganda by publishing a book by Hüseyin Turhallı, former chairman of the Democracy Party (DEP) for Diyarbakır province, entitled Songs of Freedom. During the hearing her husband Ragıp Zarakolu stated that this would have been the 34th court case against his wife, if she had been alive. On 4 June Istanbul SSC dropped the charges against her after establishing that Hüseyin Turhallı was living in France and Aysenur Zarakolu had died in January.

 

2003

On 3 December Istanbul SSC acquitted Ragıp Zarakolu from charges under Article 312 TPC. The trial had been opened for his translation of the book The Regime of 12 September on Trial, written by Dr. Gazi Çaglar from Hannover University.

 

2004

On 10 September, Istanbul Heavy Penal Court No. 14 (former Istanbul SSC No. 4) concluded the case launched against publisher Ragıp Zarakolu, owner of the newspaper Ülkede Özgür Gündem (Free Agenda in the Country), Ali Çelik Kasimogullari and editor-in-chief of the newspaper Mehmet Çolak in connection with an article titled Sana Ne (What's that to you) that was published on 8 March 2003. The court sentenced Kasimogullari to a fine of TL 3.3 billion and Mehmet Çolak to 6 months' imprisonment and a fine of TL 1.65 billion under Article 7/2 of the LFT (making propaganda for an illegal organization). Çolak's sentence was commuted to a total fine of TL 3.73 billion. Zarakolu's file was separated due to legal change made regarding Article 312 TPC. He was to be tried at a Penal Court.

Beyoglu Penal Court No. 2 heard the case on 2 March 2005 and adjourned the hearing to 12 May.[7] Further hearings were held on 21 September and 11 October 2005. Result unknown.

 

2005-2007

Ragıp Zarakolu was indicted for the Turkish translation of Professor Dora Sakayan's book entitled An Armenian Doctor in Turkey. G. Hatcherian: My Smyrna Ordeal in 1922, Montreal 1997.[4] According to the indictment, Zarakolu was to be sentenced following Article 301 new TPC (Article 159 of the former TPC). The first hearing was set for 21 September at Istanbul Penal Court No 2.

 

On 20 September Istanbul Penal Court No 2 continued to hear the case against Ragıp Zarakolu, owner of Belge Publishing House, in connection with the book about the Armenian genocide entitled The Truth Will Set Us Free written by the British writer George Jerjian.[4] The hearing was adjourned to 22 November for investigation of the expert report. The charges related to Article 301 new TPC (of June 2005). The latest two cases were combined and further hearings were held on 21 November and 15 February, 19 April, 21 June and 14 December 2006.[8] The next hearing was scheduled for 15 March 2007.

 

2008

In June 2008, Zarakolu was found guilty of "insulting the institutions of the Turkish Republic" under Article 301 of the Turkish penal code for translating and publishing Jerjian's book. The judge sentenced him to five months in prison. However, the judge, citing Zarakolu's "good behavior", stated that the author may avoid imprisonment by paying a fine.

 

2011

On 10 March 2011, Ragip Zarakolu, publisher and free expression activist, was sentenced to a fine, and author Mehmet Güler to a 15-month suspended prison term. The two were convicted of spreading propaganda seen to support the banned Kurdish Worker's Party (PKK), following the publication of Mehmet Güler's book The KCK File/The Global State and Kurds Without a State. The Writers in Prison Committee of PEN International is troubled by the sentences against Zarakolu and Güler which contravene international standards safeguarding the right to freedom of expression.

 

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